Essays in technical change and climate change

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dc.contributor.advisor Carraro, Carlo it_IT Lanzi, Elisa <1981> it_IT 2010-03-27T08:36:20Z it_IT 2012-07-30T15:50:52Z 2010-03-27T08:36:20Z it_IT 2012-07-30T15:50:52Z 2010-03-19 it_IT
dc.identifier.uri it_IT
dc.description.abstract Characteristics of the economy such as the share of polluting sectors, and their pollution intensity are key to understanding how to limit costs of climate policies. In particular, this thesis focuses on four different aspects. The first is the increase in climate policy costs in the presence limited sectoral malleability of capital, and thus the impossibility to reallocate capital from the “dirty” to the “clean” sector. Second, we consider the influence of the sectoral coverage of climate policies such as the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. Third, we focus on innovation within the energy sector to illustrate that there are internal dynamics that should be considered as they can lead to higher efficiency in the production of the dirty energy good. Finally, we estimate a model of directed technical change to study the effect of climate policies on the direction of technical change in the energy sector. it_IT
dc.description.abstract Questa tesi é focalizzata sulla connessione tra I cambiamenti climatic, l’innovazione ed il capital fisico. Caratteristiche dell’economia di un paese come il contributo dei settori inquinanti, e la loro intensitá di inquinamento sono fondamentali per comprendere come limitare i costi delle politiche sui cambiamenti climatici. In particolare questa tesi e’incentrata su quattro aspetti. Primo, sull’aumento dei costi delle politiche sui cambiamenti climatici in presenza di una possibilitá limitata ti riallocare il capitale dai settori inquinanti a quelli“puliti”. Secondo, consideriamo l’influenza della copertura settoriale delle politiche sul cambiamento climatico come il sistema di scambio di permessi dell’UE. Terzo, ci focalizziamo sull’innovazione nel settore energetico per illustrare che ci sono dinamiche interne che dovrebbero essere considerate, poiché possono portare a un miglioramento dell’efficienza energetica. Infine, stimiamo un modello di cambiamento technologico per studiare gli effetti delle politiche sul cambiamento climatico sulla direzione del cambiamento tecnologico nel settore ambientale. it_IT
dc.format.medium Tesi cartacea it_IT
dc.language.iso en it_IT
dc.publisher Università Ca' Foscari Venezia it_IT
dc.rights © Elisa Lanzi, 2010 it_IT
dc.subject Climate change it_IT
dc.subject Energy it_IT
dc.subject CGE models it_IT
dc.subject Technical change it_IT
dc.title Essays in technical change and climate change it_IT
dc.title.alternative Saggi sui cambiamenti climatici ed il progresso tecnologico it_IT
dc.type Doctoral Thesis it_IT Economia ed organizzazione it_IT Dottorato di ricerca it_IT Facoltà Economia it_IT
dc.description.academicyear 2007/2008 it_IT
dc.description.cycle 21 it_IT Brugiavini, Agar it_IT
dc.location.shelfmark D000880 it_IT
dc.location Venezia, Archivio Università Ca' Foscari, Tesi Dottorato it_IT
dc.rights.accessrights openAccess it_IT
dc.thesis.matricno 955004 it_IT
dc.format.pagenumber 135 p. it_IT
dc.subject.miur SECS-P/06 ECONOMIA APPLICATA it_IT
dc.description.note Doctor Europaeus it_IT
dc.description.tableofcontent Introduction 1 Capital Malleability and the Macroeconomic Costs of Climate Policy 1.1 Introduction 1.2 A Simple Theoretical Model 1.2.1 Households 1.2.2 Producers 1.2.3 Results 1.3 Numerical analysis 1.4 CGE Application 1.4.1 Model Structure 1.4.2 Model Formulation and Calibration 1.4.3 Policy Scenarios and Results 1.5 Conclusions Appendix I: Model with Labor and Capital Appendix II: Regional and sectoral aggregation 2 Sectoral Extension of the EU ETS: a CGE Study 2.1 Introduction 2.2 An Analysis of the Sectoral Enlargement of the EU ETS 2.3 The Case of Aviation 2.3.1 Model Description 2.3.2 Emissions from Aviation 2.3.3 Marginal Abatement Costs 2.3.4 The Role of Capital Malleability 2.3.5 The Choice of the Cap 2.3.6 Sectoral and Regional Effects 2.4 Conclusion Appendix: Regional and Sectoral Aggregation 3 Innovation in Electricity Generation Technologies: a Patent Data Analysis 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Data Description and Analysis 3.2.1 Patent Data 3.2.2 Patents in Electricity Generation Technologies 3.2.3 Other Data 3.3 Empirical Analysis 3.3.1 Model Specification 3.3.2 Estimation Method 3.3.3 Empirical Results 3.4 Conclusion Appendix I: Fossil Fuel Technologies Description Appendix II: Fuel Cells and Nuclear Technologies Description 4 Directed Technical Change in the Energy Sector: an Empirical Analysis of Induced Directed Innovation 96 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Theoretical Framework 4.3 Empirical Analysis 4.3.1 Empirical model 4.3.2 Data 4.3.3 Estimation results 4.4 Conclusions Appendix: Model solution Conclusion Bibliography it_IT
dc.identifier.bibliographiccitation Lanzi, E. (2010). Essays in technical change and climate change, PhD Thesis, Advanced School of Economics in Venice. it_IT Economia ambientale it_IT

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