Stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains: a palaeodietary investigation into chalcolithic and bronze age Cyprus

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dc.contributor.advisor Carinci, Filippo Maria it_IT Scire' Calabrisotto, Caterina <1981> it_IT 2017-03-06 it_IT 2017-05-22T06:05:06Z 2019-02-26T10:24:50Z 2019-02-28 it_IT
dc.description.abstract Food supply and subsistence strategies are usually considered the starting point for the reconstruction of socio-economical patterns within the life of prehistoric communities. From the archaeological point of view, to investigate the food system of past human societies usually means to analyse and interpret the physical remains left behind during the principal phases of food provision: procurement, storage, preparation, consumption and disposal. However, given the perishable nature of many food-related materials, the archaeological record should not be assessed in isolation but within an inter-disciplinary framework where any other available form of evidence is integrated. Towards this purpose, the reconstruction of dietary patterns by means of stable isotope analysis of fossil materials represents a well-established technique for supplementing the archaeological data and gathering quantitative and qualitative information both on food resources and their patterns of use, which is the stage of procurement, and on individual consumer behaviour, that is the phase of consumption. In particular, the clearest advantage of the method is that it reflects the foods actually eaten by an individual, or a group of individuals, including those organic remains with low recovery rates, such as plant foods and fish residues. With reference to prehistoric Cyprus, dietary patterns have been usually inferred from faunal and botanical data and within the context of broader researches focused on subsistence strategies. Applications of stable isotope analysis for palaeodietary reconstruction are practically absent in the current literature. Within these premises, this research project focuses on the reconstruction of the palaeodiet of the population of Cyprus during the period from the Chalcolithic to the beginning of Late Bronze Age (c. 3900-1450 BC) by means of stable isotope analysis of faunal and human remains. The investigated period is particularly significant in terms of cultural development of the Cypriot society, as it encompasses a series of changes in social structure, technology and economy that will gradually transform the village-based, isolated Chalcolithic communities of the island into cooperative, rural and proto-industrial centres during the subsequent Early and Middle Bronze Age. In this study, carbon, nitrogen and oxygen stable isotope ratios have been measured on several faunal and human samples (bone and teeth) collected from relevant Chalcolithic and Bronze Age sites of Cyprus. The stable isotope results have been evaluated in relation to the archaeological, anthropological and environmental records in order to reconstruct the dietary patterns of the investigated communities. Beyond the mere reconstruction of a diet, the new isotopic dataset has been discussed in relation to other food-related topics, following three different approaches: 1) a socio-cultural approach intended to examine social implications related to diet, for example differences in food acquisition and consumption, or possible gender-related differences in the diet; 2) a geographical approach, so as to study regional differences in the diet, but also the mutual relationship between the environment and the dietary choices of the communities; 3) a diachronic approach, designed to examine the differences in the dietary behaviours of the Chaclolithic and Bronze Age individuals. it_IT
dc.language.iso en it_IT
dc.publisher Università Ca' Foscari Venezia it_IT
dc.rights © Caterina Scire' Calabrisotto, 2017 it_IT
dc.title Stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains: a palaeodietary investigation into chalcolithic and bronze age Cyprus it_IT
dc.title.alternative it_IT
dc.type Doctoral Thesis it_IT Scienze dell'antichità it_IT Dottorato di ricerca it_IT Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici it_IT
dc.description.academicyear 2015/2016, 29° ciclo - Storia Arti e Scienze Antichità it_IT
dc.description.cycle 29 it_IT Sperti, Luigi it_IT
dc.location.shelfmark D001749 it_IT
dc.location Venezia, Archivio Università Ca' Foscari, Tesi Dottorato it_IT
dc.rights.accessrights openAccess it_IT
dc.thesis.matricno 956139 it_IT
dc.format.pagenumber XIV, 220 p. : ill. it_IT
dc.description.note it_IT it_IT
dc.provenance.upload Caterina Scire' Calabrisotto (, 2017-03-06 it_IT
dc.provenance.plagiarycheck Filippo Maria Carinci (, 2017-04-03 it_IT

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