Spatial economic disparities across the United States

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dc.contributor.advisor Magrini, Stefano it_IT Ferranna, Licia <1985> it_IT 2016-12-12 it_IT 2017-05-22T06:02:34Z 2018-07-19T08:57:56Z 2017-02-07 it_IT
dc.description.abstract The thesis deals with spatial economic disparities in the United States. The first chapter, “The Evolution of Income Disparities across US Metropolitan Statistical Areas”, investigates how the spatial evolution of core-based city regions affects the dynamics of income disparities across Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States between 1971 and 2010. Treating initially nonmetropolitan counties as part of the functional economic system for the whole time period changes the internal composition of average per capita personal income thus biasing convergence analysis. The paper analyses the dynamics of the cross-sectional distribution of per capita personal income by comparing different methods to define MSAs over time. The results show that a cluster of high income economies emerges when MSAs are allowed to evolve spatially. The second chapter, “Urban governance Structure and Wage Disparities among US Metropolitan Areas”, analyses the determinants of spatial wage disparities in the US context for the period 1980-2000. Agglomeration benefits are estimated based on city productivity premia which are computed after controlling for the skills distribution among metropolitan areas as well as industry fixed effects. The drivers of productivity differentials that are taken into consideration are the size of the local economy, the spatial interactions among local autonomous economic systems and the structure of urban governance as well as the policy responses to the fragmentation issue. A metropolitan area with ten percentage more administrative units than another of the same size, experiences wages that are between 2:0% and 3:0% lower. The presence of a voluntary governance body is found to mitigate the problem of fragmentation only marginally, while the existence of special purpose districts have a negative impact on regional productivity. The implementation of a metropolitan government with a regional tax system is expected to increase productivity by around 6%. Finally, the third chapter, “The effect of immigration on convergence dynamics in the US”, studies the impact of immigration on the dynamics of the cross-sectional distribution of GSP per capita and per worker. To achieve this aim, we combine different approaches: on the one hand, we establish via Instrumental Variable estimation the effect of the inflow of foreign-born workers on output per worker, employment and population; on the other hand, using the Distribution Dynamics approach, we reconstruct the consequences of migration flows on convergence dynamics across US states. it_IT
dc.language.iso en it_IT
dc.publisher Università Ca' Foscari Venezia it_IT
dc.rights © Licia Ferranna, 2017 it_IT
dc.title Spatial economic disparities across the United States it_IT
dc.title.alternative it_IT
dc.type Doctoral Thesis it_IT Economia it_IT Dottorato di ricerca it_IT Dipartimento di Economia it_IT
dc.description.academicyear 2015/2016, sessione 29° ciclo it_IT
dc.description.cycle 28 it_IT Pasini, Giacomo <1976> it_IT
dc.location.shelfmark D001666 it_IT
dc.location Venezia, Archivio Università Ca' Foscari, Tesi Dottorato it_IT
dc.rights.accessrights openAccess it_IT
dc.thesis.matricno 825676 it_IT
dc.format.pagenumber IV, [2], 86, XXVIII p. : ill. it_IT
dc.subject.miur SECS-P/06 ECONOMIA APPLICATA it_IT
dc.subject.miur SECS-P/02 POLITICA ECONOMICA it_IT
dc.description.note it_IT it_IT Gerolimetto, Margherita it_IT
dc.provenance.upload Licia Ferranna (, 2016-12-12 it_IT
dc.provenance.plagiarycheck Stefano Magrini (, 2017-01-19 it_IT

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